What do we mean by ENDEMIC?
As a biologist, this is a somewhat sensitive topic, because in my new commercial role I see a different application of this term than I am used to. Most importantly, endemic really needs a qualifier in all cases, since a species can be endemic to the planet, a continent, a region of the continent, a country, a region or zone of a country, or even a mountain or stream.
What I now understand clearly is that for one in the birding community, whether it be scientist or lay-person, endemic refers to COUNTRY ENDEMIC, and is always implied as such.
As near as I can tell, “regional endemic” refers to what may cross national borders, especially between just 2 or 3 countries. I am not clear on whether or not the industry uses this term within national borders.
What do we mean by SPECIALTIES?
This more open term explains itself; special here refers to “almost endemics”, particularly beautiful or interesting species, often “regional endemics” that might be easier to find at our reserve, or perhaps broadly distributed birds also easily observed here.